Newsletter N°10

January - April 2017

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Youth, peace and security

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Mr.Makrem Ben Abdelkarim

From the18th to the 19th of March, 2017; UNFPA Tunisia, in partnership with UNESCO, organized a national consultation on Youth, Peace and Security. This consultation aimed to collect youth perceptions on how to promote peace and counter violent extremism. 30 young Tunisian men and women, from different regions and backgrounds, collaborated for 2 days to draft concrete recommendations and suggest purposeful actions to disengage youth from extremist groups, to consolidate youth role in countering violent extremism and to shed the light on youth-led initiatives conducted locally and nationally to hasten peace building process.
This consultation falls within the scope of 2250 Security Council resolution, adopted unanimously on December 2015. It recognizes of the urgent need to mobilize young peacemakers to end violent extremism and sustain peace.

Quote:“In my region (Kebili), there are no accessible facilities for youth, no cultural events, and the activities organized by CSO are very limited; how could we engage young people in combatting extremism if they are marginalized and overlooked?” Makrem, 22, Kebili

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2250 resolution paving
the road for peace!

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Photo from the national consultation

On December 9 2015, the UNSC adopted unanimously, the 2250 resolution on Youth, Peace and Security. This resolution is considered a landmark toward the recognition of youth role in building sustainable peace and countering violent extremism.
To this end, the resolution suggests 5 intervention areas where efforts should be deployed to enhance youth positive role in peace building:

1. Participation: the SC calls the governments to increase the number of youth involved in decision-making at all levels on prevention and conflict resolution.
2. Protection: the resolution urges governments to implement and/or increase efficient measures aimed to protect human rights, especially youth rights, and to combat all forms of violence specifically gender based violence.
3. Prevention: governments are asked to ensure an enabling environment for youth to concretize their contribution in peace building process.
4. Partnerships with key actors in peace building process are crucial. Governments, international organizations, peace building commissions, local communities and leaders must collaborate to ensure an efficient peace intervention.
5. Disengagement and reintegration strategies and measures during post conflict situations. The disengagement process relays on disarmament and demobilization strategies, and should be followed by a reintegration plan. The resolution considers youth implication in this process vital and inevitable.

For further reading and information:
http://unoy.org/wp-content/uploads/2250-annotated-and-explained.pdf
http://unoy.org/wp-content/uploads/Guide-to-SCR-2250.pdf
http://www.un.org/en/sc/ctc/docs/2015/N1541307_FR.pdf