YOUTH IN MIXED MIGRATION: ABOUT A PILOT PROJECT
Today, the world has more than 244 million international migrants, an increase of 41% from 2000. In recent years, the phenomenon of migration has become a global concern stimulated by the evolution of international policies and underlined by the need to improve programs in order to ensure a secure and regular migration.
At all levels, there is a major concern about Data collection on migrants, their profiles, their experiences, their needs, the drivers of migration and the main factors affecting their subsequent mobility. In addition, there is a specific need for data on migration in urban centers where the migration profile is mixed and traditional data sources do not fully capture this phenomenon.
In this perspective, UNFPA, in partnership with the Tunisian Association for Reproductive Health and he Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi) of the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), launched the pilot project "YOUTH IN MIXED MIGRATION AND THE BARRIERS TO ACCESS SRH SERVICES"
This project is conducted in 04 urban centers around the world, where the profile of migration is heterogeneous and diverse: Beirut, Cairo, Nairobi and Greater Tunis. These four cities are located in countries where there is forced and / or voluntary mobility, both internally and internationally, and where UNFPA has strong country support programs.
Through this project, partners seek to describe the drivers of youth migration, including push and pull factors, and to explore SRH vulnerabilities as well as the knowledge and the needs of young migrants in these urban centers.PHASES OF THE PROJECT:
This project is divided into 3 phases: a phase of data collection through a field survey.
During this phase, the team developed a questionnaire specific to this project uploaded on a mobile application and administered by 10 research assistants; this system allowed optimal monitoring of the quality of the data collection and real-time access to this data. The quantitative study lasted 06 weeks with 310 interviewees among young people aged between 18 and 29 years old; mainly from sub-Saharan African countries.
In November 2017, the project began its 2nd phase of qualitative data collection aiming to deepen the analysis of the quantitative results obtained, with special focus on specific groups of young people: women from sub-Saharan Africa, young women victims of trafficking, young Syrian women, young men from sub-Saharan Africa, paramedics and service providers.
In 2018, the results of the first two phases will inform the last phase of the project; Communication and advocacy on the Right of young migrants to access the different health services, including sexual and reproductive health. Thus, UNFPA will publish the report of this study and launch an advocacy and communication campaign with the various key actors working on this issue.